What is Computer – Basic information of Computer

What is Computer
What is Computer

Here we will talk about what is ComputerIn basic language, a PC is an electronic gadget. You probably already know this answer. 

So you should think, why again this article about which we definitely know it all. 

Just wait. Today I want to tell you what is the basic computer, these, you may know something in advance, but my objective is that you should be informed about the whole computer and not half of it.

I know you know basic computer information. 

However, do you know how it works, who made it previously, through which kisses it has passed? 

What number of changes have been found in the qualities of PCs in such a huge number of years? 

The PC that we are utilizing today is the aftereffect of long stretches of difficult work of numerous researchers behind it. 

Simultaneously, with a large portion of the deficient information, you have full information. 

Today I want to give you the complete information about this machine along with what you call this article, what is the main part of it, what is the full type of PC and how can it work. 

At that point, how about we start the deferral and comprehend what a PC is. 

What is Computer – What is Computer

What is Computer - Basic information of Computer
What is Computer – Basic information on Computer

A computer is a machine that editing functions according to certain guidelines. There is an electronic gadget.

which is intended to work with data. The term is derived from the word “computer” the Computer, Latin.

This means to Calculation or calculated.

It has three main functions. 
The first is to take the information which we likewise call Input.

the subsequent errand is to process that information and the other assignment is to show the handled data which is also called Output.

   Input Data → Processing → Output Data

Who invented the computer? 
The dad of present-day PCs is called Charles Babbage. 

Since they were the first was intended to Mechanical PC, which is otherwise called the Analytical Engine. 

In this, information was embedded with the assistance of Punch Card.

So we can consider a PC a progressed electronic gadget that takes crude information from the client as info, at that point forms that information through a program (set of Instruction) and outputs the final result.

Publishes as It processes both numerical and nonnumerical (arithmetic and logical) calculations.

What is the full form of computer?

Technically there is no full form of computer. Yet the computer has an imaginary full form,

C – Commonly, O – Operated, M – Machine, P – Particularly, U – Used for, T – Technical and E – Educational, R – Research

If you translate it, it will be something like this, the common operating machine is specially used for business, education, and research.

History of Computer – History of Computer


What is Computer - Basic information of Computer
What is Computer – Basic information of Computer

It can’t be appropriately checked that the advancement of PCs has been begun since. 

In any case, formally PC advancement has been grouped by age. They are divided into 5 parts from the main tower.

When it comes to the generation of computers, then it means that computer generations. 

As the PC develops, they are separated into various ages to make it more obvious them appropriately. 

First Generation of Computer – 1940-1956 “Vacuum Tubes”

The first generation of computers used Vaccum tubes for circuitry and Magnetic Drum for memory.

They used to be very big in size. A lot of power was used to run them.

Being too big, it also had a lot of heart problems due to which it was also malfunctioned many times.

Machine language was used in them. For example, UNIVAC and ENIAC computers.


Second Generation of Computers – 1956-1963 “Transistors”

In second-generation computers, transistors replaced vacuum tubes. 
Transistor took exceptionally less space, was littler, was quicker, was less expensive and was more vitality effectiveThey used to create less warmth than the original PCs, yet at the same time, there was an issue of warmth in it. 

High-level programming languages ​​such as COBOL and FORTRAN were used in them.

Third Generation of Computers – 1964-1971 “Integrated Circuits”

Integrated Circuit was first used in third-generation computers. 
In which the transistors were cut into little silicon chip called Semi-Conductor. Because of this, the capacity to do PC preparing expanded as it were. 

Just because, screens, consoles, and working frameworks were utilized to make PCs of this age more easy to understand. It was first launched in the market.

Fourth Generation of Computers – 1971-1985 “Microprocessors”

It is the claim to fame of the Forth age that Microprocessor was utilized in it. A huge number of incorporated circuits were inserted into a solitary silicon chip. This made it very easy to reduce the size of the machine.

The use of microprocessors increased the efficiency of the computer even more. This work was able to do a lot of calculations.

Fifth Generation of Computers – 1985-present “Artificial Intelligence”

Fifth-generation belongs to today’s Dor, where Artificial Intelligence has established its dominance. Now many new technologies like Speech recognition, Parallel Processing, Quantum calculations are being used in new technology.


This is a generation where due to the computer’s artificial intelligence, the ability to make decisions on its own has come. Gradually all its works will be automated.

Who invented the computer

Father Of Computer Charles Babbage

Who is the father of the modern computer? 
Numerous such individuals have added to this Computing Field. But most of these contributions belong to Charles Babbage. Because he was the first Analytical Engine that came out in 1837.

The concept of ALU, Basic Flow Control and Integrated Memory was implemented in this engine. Today’s computer was designed by basing itself on this model. This is why his contribution is the highest. Then he is also known as the father of the computer.

Definition of computer

There are numerous parts of any cutting edge advanced PC yet some of them are significant, for example, Input gadget, Output Device, CPU (Central Processing Unit), Mass Storage Device and Memory. 

   accepts data                                  Input

   processes data                              processing
   produces output                            output
   stores results                                Storage

How does the computer work


What is Computer - Basic information of Computer
What is Computer – Basic information of Computer

Input (Data): Input is the step in which Raw Information is inserted into the computer using Input Device. 
It tends to be a letter, picture or even a video. 

Process: The data input during the process is processed according to the instruction. This is a completely internal process.

Output: The data that has already been processed during the output is shown in the Result. And if we want, we can also save this result and keep it in memory for future use.

Nominee image of basic computer units


What is Computer - Basic information of Computer
What is Computer – Basic information of Computer

If you have ever looked inside a computer case, then you must have found that there are many small components inside, they look very complicated, but they are not really that complicated. Now, I will give you some information about these components.


The primary circuit leading group of any PC is called Motherboard. It looks like a thin plate but it holds many things like CPU, Memory, Connectors for hard drive and optical drive, for controlling expansion card video and audio, along with it. Connection to all computer ports. If seen, the motherboard is directly or indirectly connected with all parts of the computer.

CPU / Processor

Do you know what is the Central Processing Unit ie CPU? It is also called. It is found in the motherboard inside the computer case. 
It is additionally called the cerebrum of the PC. It keeps an eye on all the activities that are within a computer. The higher the speed of a Processor, the sooner it will be able to do the processing.


We also know RAM as Random Acess Memory. This is the short term memory of the system. 
At whatever point the PC does a few estimations, it incidentally spares that outcome in RAM. If the computer shuts down then this data is also lost. If we are writing a document, then to save it from being destroyed, we should save our data in between. If saved in Data Hard Drive by saving, then it can remain for a long time.

Smash is estimated in megabytes (MB) or gigabytes (GB). The more RAM there is, the better for us.

Hard drive

Hard Drive is where programming, reports, and different records are spared. In this, the data stays stored for a long time.

Power Supply Unit

The power of a power supply unit is to take power from the main power supply and supply it to other components as per the requirement.

Expansion Card

All computers have Expansion Slots so that we can add an Expansion Card in the future. They are also called PCI (PeripheralComponents Interconnect) cards. 
Be that as it may, these days the motherboard as of now has many worked in openings. Names of some Expansion Cards that we can use to refresh old PCs.

     * Video Card

     * Sound card
     * Network Card
     * Bluetooth Card (Adapter)

Note – If you are ever opening the inside of the computer then you should first remove the plug from the mains socket.

Computer hardware and software


What is Computer - Basic information of Computer
What is Computer – Basic information of Computer

We can call computer hardware any physical device that we use in our computer, Computer Software means a collection of codes that we install in our machine’s Hard Drive to run the hardware for.

For example, on the computer monitor that we use to navigate, the mouse that we use to navigate is all computer hardware. At the same time, the Internet Browser with which we visit the website, and Operating System in which it runs the Internet Browser. We call such things as software


We can say that a computer is a combination of software and hardware, both have similar roles, both can work together.

Types of Computer


What is Computer - Basic information of Computer
What is Computer – Basic information of Computer

Whenever we ever hear the use of the word computer, only the picture of the personal computer comes into our mind. 
Let me disclose to you that there are numerous kinds of PCs. They come in various shapes and sizes. We use them as per requirement, such as ATM to withdraw money, Scanner to scan a barcode, Calculator to do a big calculation. These are all different types of computers.

1. Desktop

Numerous individuals use PCs for their homes, schools and their own work. They are designed in such a way that we can keep them on our desk. They have numerous parts, for example, Monitor, Keyboard, Mouse, Computer Case.

2. Laptop

You must have known about battery-powered laptops, they are very portable so that they can be taken anywhere and anytime.

3. Tablet

Now let’s talk about Tablet which we also call Handheld Computer because it can be easily caught in handguns.

It does not have Keyboard and Mouse, just a touch-sensitive screen that is used for typing and navigation. Example- iPad.

4. Servers

A server is a computer of some sort that we use to exchange information. For example, whenever we search for something on the Internet, all those things are stored on the server.

Other types of computers

Let us now know what other types of computers are.

Smartphone: When the Internet is enabled on a normal cell phone, we can do many tasks using it, then such a cell phone is called a smartphone.

Wearable: Wearable technology is a general term for a group of devices – including fitness trackers and smartwatches – that are designed so that they can be worn throughout the day. 

These devices are often called wearables.

Game Console: This game console is also a special type of computer that is used to play video games on your TV.

Television: TV is likewise a kind of PC that currently incorporates numerous applications or applications that convert it into Smart Tv. Whereas now you can stream videos from the Internet directly to your TV.

Computer use – Application of Computer


What is Computer - Basic information of Computer
What is Computer – Basic information of Computer

Where is the computer used? If seen, we have been using computers everywhere in our lives and will continue to do so. It has become a part of us. I have written some of its uses for your information below.

Use of computers in the field of education: They have the biggest hand in education, if a student needs information about something, then with the help of this information becomes available within a few minutes. Research has shown that with the help of computers, the learning performance of any student has increased significantly. Nowadays, sitting at home can be taught with the help of Online Classes.

Health and Medicine: It is a boon for Health and Medicine. With its help, patients are treated very easily nowadays. Nowadays everything has become digital, which makes it easy to know about the disease and according to that, it is also possible to treat it. This operation has also become easy.

Use of computers in the field of science: This is the result of science itself. This makes research very easy. Nowadays a new trend is going on, which is also called Collaboratory so that all the scientists of the world can work together, it does not matter that you have a presence in the country.

Business: It has a huge hand in business to increase productivity and competitiveness. It is mainly used in Marketing, Retailing, Banking, Stock Trading. Due to all the things being digital here, its processing has become very fast. And nowadays more importance is being given to Cashless Transaction.

Recreation and Entertainment: It has become a new hangout for entertainment, talks about anything like Movies, Sports or restaurants wherever they are used.

Government: Nowadays, the government is also giving more focus on its use. If we talk about Traffic, Tourism, Information & Broadcasting, Education, Aviation, our work in all these places has become very easy.

Defense: Their use in the army has also increased to a great extent. 
With the assistance of which our military has become all the more dominant at this point. Because nowadays everything is controlled with the help of a computer.

There are numerous spots where we use it as indicated by our needs. 

benefits of computer


What is Computer - Basic information of Computer
What is Computer – Basic information of Computer

By the way, it will not be wrong to say that the computer has made the life of us very comfortable with the help of its incredible speed, accuracy, and storage.

With this, humans can save anything and find anything easily whenever they want. We can say that the computer is a very versatile machine because it is very flexible in doing its jobs.

But in spite of this, we can also say that the computer is a very versatile machine because it is very flexible in doing its work, while these machines also have some important advantages and disadvantages.


Multitasking is a very big advantage of a computer.

In this, a person can easily calculate multiple tasks, multiple operations, numerical problems in just a few seconds.

The computer can easily calculate trillions of instructions per second.


Now it is no longer just a calculating device.

Now it has become a very important part of our life.

Its great advantage is its high speed, which helps it to complete any task in a very short time.

In this, all the operations can be done immediately, otherwise, it will take a lot of time to do them.

Cost / Stores do large amounts of data

This is a low-cost solution. Because in this a person can save a large amount of data in a low budget. Using a centralized database, a very high quantity of information can be stored, so that the cost can be earned to a great extent.


These computers are very accurate about their calculations, their chances of making a mistake are negligible.

Data security

Protecting digital data is called Data Security. Computer protects our digital data from unauthorized users such as a cyberattack or access attack.

Computer damage


What is Computer - Basic information of Computer
What is Computer – Basic information of Computer

Now let us know about some disadvantages of computers.

Virus and Hacking Attacks

The virus is a destructive program and hacking is called unauthorized access in which the Owner does not know about you.

This Virus can be easily spread through email attachment, sometimes even by USB, or they can be accessed from your infected websites by your computer.

At the same time, once it reaches your computer, then it ruins your computer.

Online Cyber ​​Crimes

Computer and network are used to do this online cyber-crime. At the same time, cyberstalking and identity theft are also covered under these online cyber-crimes.

The decrease in employment opportunity

Since the PC can do numerous assignments all the while, there is an immense loss of work opportunity. 

Therefore, from the banking sector to any governmental sectors, you can see that all the computers are given more importance in the place of people. Therefore, unemployment is only increasing.

Talking about the other disadvantage, it does not have an IQ, it depends on the users at all, it has no feeling, it cannot take any decision by itself.

Computer architecture

By the way, a lot of technological changes are coming on the computer day by day. Every day, it is becoming more affordable and more efficient and more efficient. As the need of the people increases, so will there be more changes. Previously it was of the shape of a house, now it is going in our hands.

There will come a time when it will be controlled by our mind. Nowadays scientists are doing more research on optical computers, DNA computers, Neural Computer, and Quantum Computer. Along with this, much attention is also being paid to Artificial Intelligence so that it can do its own work smoothly.


What did you teach today?

At this point, you have the presentation of PCs. I sincerely hope that I have given you complete information about what is a computer and what is type of computer and hope you all have understood about this computer technology.

Easily now you can answer what the computer says. 
I demand every one of you perusers that you also should share this data in your neighborhood, family members, and companions so that there will be mindfulness among us and it will benefit everyone. I need your support so that I can convey more new information to you.

It has consistently been my undertaking that I generally help my perusers or perusers from all sides, on the off chance that you individuals have any uncertainty of any sort, at that point you can inquire me irresponsibly.

I will definitely try to solve those Doubts. Who did you call this article, how did you feel? Tell us by writing a comment so that we too have a chance to learn something from your ideas and improve something.

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